Over the past couple of years the US economy has seen some pretty dark times, and the outlook for the near future still remains pretty bleak. Many people have lost employment or have taken a significant decrease in pay thus putting huge stress upon their financial situations. One of the biggest problems many American’s are dealing with right now is having large sums of credit card debt and not really knowing what to 債務舒緩程序 do to pay off that debt.
I have been in the credit card debt relief industry for over 10 years now and have a very extensive knowledge as to how it works and the differences between the various options available to overburdened consumers. I hear many people ask “How can I pay off my debt and still keep my head above the water? Is it possible?” The answer is yes, however everyone has their own unique financial situation and depending on where you are will determine which course of action is best for you. I will state right now that this will be a rather long article in which I am going to go over the four most popular methods of debt relief being debt consolidation loans, credit counseling programs, debt settlement programs, and last but not least the little known option of debt resolution. I will go over the pros, the cons, and the bottom line with each of these options. So if you are serious about finding a solution to an overwhelming debt situation then continue reading.
Debt Consolidation Loans:
The reason I start with this as my first option is because this is the first thing many consumers consider when they are in debt and need to find a way out. I want to explore this option and explain why in my opinion this is a very bad idea.
A debt consolidation loan is a loan taken out to pay off credit card debts. There are two primary benefits from doing this, the first is to have just one monthly payment as opposed to multiple payments each month to your various creditors, and the second is usually the loan will come with a lower interest rate.
This may seem like a pretty good idea, but its not! The reason being that the vast majority of the time you will need to put up some kind of collateral, thus making it a secured loan; and usually that collateral will be the equity of your property. So in reality what you are doing is changing your low risk unsecured credit card debt into a much higher risk loan secured by your home. This is putting you and your family in a very risky financial position.
The statistics have shown that over 75% of people who use a debt consolidation loan end up right back in credit card debt within five years! The problem is it’s just too easy to get back in debt. Most people make the critical error of not cutting up their credit cards; it becomes especially hard to do when they have no balances anymore.
However this time around in round two versus credit card debt there will be a second secured loan that must take precedence over the new debt balances. Many people in this position have no recourse but to either let their home go into foreclosure or file for bankruptcy; and trust me this happens far more often than you may think and is a nightmare of a situation.
The Good: A lower interest rate and one monthly payment
The Bad: Not actually getting out of debt, places home at further risk of foreclosure, hard to obtain in this bad economy (even for people with homes who may have equity).
The Bottom Line: I strongly recommend against this! It is just simply not a smart financial move to place your house at risk to pay off credit card balances when there are much better methods designed to do so.
The second option on my list is credit counseling; this is because credit counseling has virtually the same benefits as a debt consolidation loan, however is not accompanied with the same risk.
A credit counseling program shares the same benefits of one monthly payment and lower interest rates. In addition you can get out of debt in a much faster period of time than just paying monthly minimum payments or paying back on a loan. With a credit counseling program you will have a fixed payment throughout the duration of the program. A fixed payment with lower interest will help consumers pay off their debt typically within 4-6 years. Most consumers when its all said and done will have paid out around 125-150% of what they currently owe today, plus whatever fees the credit counseling company charges.
There are however a few drawbacks to credit counseling programs. One is that if you go more than one month past due on payments you will be kicked off the program by the creditors themselves; thus revoking a lower interest rate and one monthly payment. Another issue with these programs is that they are usually just as costly and in some cases even more costly than what you will be paying out towards monthly minimum payments to the credit card companies.
So for those consumers with larger debt balances who are having a real tough time with the payments, this may not be a viable solution.
The Good: Consolidated payment, lower interest, much less risky than a secured loan.
The Bad: Strict program in which there is no negotiation on payments or interest rates, high failure rate, high monthly payments.
The Bottom Line: Simply put for most people this will cost too much money. Given the past few years of economic decline many people are not in position to manage a credit counseling program. These programs are best suited for people with lower amounts of debt $10,000 or less and who have no problem paying their current monthly minimums and then some. Those who have less amounts of debt and plenty of discretionary income to help pay down the debts even faster will benefit the most from credit counseling.
This brings us to the next method of debt relief and this is debt settlement, which within the past decade has gotten much more popular. Debt settlement has shown to really help people who are stuck with larger sums of debt and who would otherwise almost definitely need to file bankruptcy.
There are two major benefits from debt settlement the first is a tremendous savings of time, many people find themselves out of debt within as little as two to three years. Plus there will be a very significant savings in money too; a lot of people will payback no more than 50-60% of what they currently owe, including any fees the company will charge for the service.
Now this may sound like a wonderful idea, who wouldn’t like to save half of what they owe and be debt free in a few years? However you must be informed of the drawbacks before moving forward with this process.
For a debt settlement program to work the consumer must fall behind on their monthly minimum payments. There are no creditors willing to negotiate a lesser amount owed on the balances when you are current; if they feel you have the ability to afford their monthly payments that’s exactly where they want to keep you.
Naturally when falling behind there will be a negative impact on the credit rating and there is simply no way around this. However I must point out that once the settlements start getting made there will be a positive impact on the credit. Thirty percent of the MyFico scoring system is the “debt to credit ratio” which will look much better with the balances paid off. Another issue is dealing with debt collectors, they will assuredly be calling; and no debt settlement company can legally stop the calls!
One more thing to consider is there will be a chance of law suit. The creditors do hold the right to summons someone to court in an attempt to collect a past due debt. This is rather unlikely but is a possibility. There are simply way to many accounts in past due status to bring to court and it does cost the creditor money and time to sue someone, with no guarantee of ever collecting a dime even if they were to obtain a judgment.
The Good: Tremendous saving of money and time.
The Bad: Hurts credit score, collection calls, and possible law suit.
The Bottom Line: Debt settlement is more of a hardship program and is much more designed for those with larger debt balances ($10,000 and above) who are having tremendous difficulty paying there bills.
Debt resolution is almost identical in structure to debt settlement. The benefits are exactly the same, being the savings of time and money. And there is still the potential for the same drawbacks the difference being debt resolution is handled through a law firm and offers more protection than what a debt settlement company can offer.
Above I mentioned dealing with debt collectors and how a debt settlement company cannot legally stop the collections calls. Well this is a different situation when using a law firm for debt resolution; according to the FDCPA (Fair Debt Collections Practices Act) no third party debt collectors can continue to call and harass the consumer once they have retained a law firm to handle the negotiations of their debts. This will greatly cutback the amount of calls someone will experience when compared to debt settlement.
Another major benefit the resolution process holds over settlement is how law suits can be handled. If a creditor sues the client the law firm will still have the legal power to contact the opposing creditors attorney and work out a settlement; therefore keeping the client from ever having to go to court and risk getting a judgment. A debt settlement company cannot legally continue to engage in negotiations with the creditor after they have filed suit. What happens most of the time is someone enrolled with a debt settlement company who gets sued ends up trying to deal with it alone and end up with a judgment.
The Good: Tremendous savings of time and money, much more protection under the law.
The Bad: Hurts credit score (like debt settlement nothing can be done about this, you simply must fall behind for creditors to negotiate settlements). Collections calls (even with the law on your side some collectors may still break it and call from time to time).
The Bottom Line: Like debt settlement, debt resolution is also a hardship program designed for those with larger amounts of debt ($10,000 or more) who have trouble keeping up with the monthly minimum payments. I personally feel this is the best method of debt relief. This process shares the same great benefits that debt settlement does but has much greater protections than what a debt settlement program can offer.
I hope after reading this article you feel much more enlightened as to the various options available to you in terms of getting out of debt. If you would like more information to see which of these options would be best for your situation simply follow the link below and fill out an application form. I would enjoy the opportunity to personally review your unique financial situation and see which method will best suit you. One thing is for sure if you are in debt you must take action, your debt won’t pay itself off alone.